The Kit fox (Vulpes macrotis) is a fox species living in the New World. Its range is primarily in the southwestern United States and northern and central Mexico. Some mammalogists classify it as conspecific with the Swift Fox, V. velox, but molecular systematics imply that the two species are distinct.
Ten Facts about Kit Fox
- The Kit Fox can run as fast as 25 miles per hour for short distances, and is sometimes called the Swift Fox.
- They like to live alone, & they generally came at night.
- Kit Fox eats rabbits, ground squirrels, rats and mice, birds, insects, grasses, and berries; in winter, it stores food under snow.
- The young are born in a chamber 3 feet underground. The calls of the Kit Fox include a shrill yap, and several whines, growls, and purrs.
- The average species weight is between 1.6 - 2.7 kg (3.5 - 6 lbs). The body length is 455 to 535 mm (18 to 21 in). The tail adds another 250 to 340 mm (9.85 to 13.4 in) to their length.
- It usually has a gray coat, with rusty tones, and a black tip to its tail. Unlike the Gray Fox, it has no stripe along the length of its tail. Their color ranges from yellowish to gray. Their back is usually darker than the majority of their coat.
- Kit foxes favor arid climates, like desert scrub, chaparral, and grasslands. Good examples of common habitats are sagebrush Artemisia tridentata and saltbrush Atriplex polycarpa. They can be found in urban and agricultural areas, too.
- Male and female Kit foxes usually establish monogamous mating pairs during October and November. Pairs can change year to year. They mate from December to February, when they use larger family dens.
- Litters are born throughout March and April, usually containing 1 to 7 pups, and averaging 4 pups. The gestation is 49 to 55 days.
- The average lifespan of a wild kit fox is 5.5 years. In captivity, they can live 12 years.