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Ghana Flora & Fauna

To discover Ghana is to discover the natural Africa. Only a few countries in Africa can compare with the natural attractions of Ghana. National parks, such as the rainforest of Kakum or the broad Savannah of Mole, are havens for indigenous flora and fauna, safe from predatory man. Ghana is a birdwatcher's paradise and nature lover's delight. Forest walks captivate the senses as butterflies fly from flower to flower and shafts of sunlight illuminate tiny orchids and other native flowers. Products of our indigenous trees and plants have always enriched medical knowledge throughout the world. The variety of the landscape is matched by striking seasonal and regional contrasts. The greens of the hillside just after the rains, and the gold and ochre are of the Savannah in the dry season.

From its picturesque, coastal location to its wide range of attractions including sun drenched and pristine beaches, colorful festivals, the slave routes and sites, a tract of virgin tropical forest containing thriving wildlife and the whimsical traditional shrines of various tribal warriors, Ghana is a perfect tourist destination.

Reserves & Parks
Only few countries in Africa have an appeal comparable with the attractions of Ghana. It is a land endowed by nature and rich in natural resources. Each of the ten regions of the country has its own unique character that is shared only by its people. From the lush savannah of the coastal plains, the dense tropical rainforest and the grasslands and arid desert of the North, Ghana provides many habitats for distinctive wildlife.

The lush greens of the hillsides during the rains, and the gold and ochre of the savannah in the dry season separate the seasons. The several rivers that criss-cross the country add hush and coolness, providing life to the fields as well as generating secular waterfalls. Many of these waterfalls are found in the Volta, Eastern and Brong Ahafo Regions.

Ghana's most important river, the River Volta, which has been dammed at Akosombo to generate electricity, has resulted in one of the world's largest man-made lakes providing a scenic beauty of the wooded hills and a glittering water mass.

The coastline of Ghana is a wonderful string of sun-dappled beaches fringed by waving palms, mangrove swamps and lagoons. The Keta-Angar lagoon basin has important wetlands that are a special breeding ground for migratory birds. The Volta River Estuary is home to rare Hawksbill, Leatherback and Green Turtles, which come to lay their eggs in the sandbanks.

Ghana can boast of a number of world class national parks and wildlife reserves, with many interesting species and a wide range of vegetation types. The most interesting your must visit when in Ghana are the Kakum National Park in the Central Region, the Mole National Park in the Northern Region and the Gbelle Game Reserve in the Upper West Region.

The Kakum National Park occupies some 357 square km of moist natural evergreen rainforests and a home for some 40 species of larger mammals including the forest elephants, bongos, Red River hogs and seven primate species. Some 200 species of birds are also found including five hornbill species, the Frazer eagle owl, African Grey and Senegal parrots. A canopy walkway provides for an adventure and provides tourists a unique view of the forest.

In the Mole National Park, which covers over 4,000 square km of savannah woodland, lions, kob, leopard, buffaloes, elephants, duiker, numerous antelopes and many small primates are seen. By the water pool visitors can see crocodiles basking in the sun. A lodge in Mole National Park provides accommodation.

In the Gbelle Game Reserve, 17km south of Tumu, herds of hippopotamus wallow in the waters of the river, while elephants and Roan Antelopes can be seen drinking at the water's edge.

Animals in Ghana

  • Elephant Roan Antelope
  • Lion Hartebeest
  • Leopard Waterbuck
  • Genet Kob
  • Civet Aardvark
  • Buffalo Columbus Monkey
  • Warthog Mona Monkey
  • Oribi Diana Monkey
  • Bongo Chimpanzee
  • Bushbuck Olive Baboon
  • Duiker
  • Bare-headed Rock Fowl Fire-bellied Woodpecker
  • Fraser's Edge Owl Narina's Trogon
  • African Grey Parrot Barbary Shrike
  • Senegal Parrot Woodland Kingfisher
  • Ground Hornbill Red-throated Bee-eater
  • Denham's Bustard Green Wood-hoopoe
  • Palm-nut Vulture Splendid Sunbird
  • Long-crested Hawk Eagle Beautiful Sunbird
  • Pied Hornbill Orange-cheeked Waxbill

Explore Ghana
History of Ghana
Fairs and Festivals
Forts and Castle
Recipes and Cuisine
Ghana Villages
Culture of Ghana
Flora and Fauna
People and Religion
Shopping in Ghana
Ghana Attractions
Ghana Regions
Brong Ahafo
Greater Accra

Upper East
Upper West

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