Indian ocean is third largest oceans covering about 20% of the water on the Earth's surface. It is bounded on the north by Southern Asia, on the west by the Arabian Peninsula and Africa, on the east by the Malay Peninsula, the Sunda Islands, and Australia and on the south by the Southern Ocean.
Ten Facts about Indian Ocean
- The average depth of the Indian Ocean is 3,900 m (12,800 ft), or slightly greater than that of the Atlantic.
- Indian Ocean has two water circulation systems—a regular counterclockwise southern system and a northern system, the Monsoon Drift, whose currents are directly related to the seasonal shift of monsoon winds.
- The Continental Shelves of the Indian Ocean are narrow compared to those of the other oceans.
- Indian ocean volume is estimated to be 292,131,000 cubic kilometres.
- Indian ocean current is driven from the Bay of Bengal to the Arabian Sea during the North-East monsoon and from the Arabian sea to the Bay of Bengal during the South-West monsoon.
- It is the only ocean to be named after a country, i.e. India.
- The Indian Ocean provides major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa, and East Asia with Europe and the Americas.
- Deepest known point of Indian Ocean is 7,725 m (25,344 ft), off the southern coast of the Indonesian island of Java.
- The Indian Ocean is also known as Ratnakara in the ancient Sanskrit literature. Ratnakara means "the maker of gems".
- Indian Ocean is the warmest of all five ocean in the world.